Malaysia is a federal state consisting of thirteen states (states) and three federal territories in Southeast Asia with an area of ??329,847 square km. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the center of the federal government. The country's population reached 30,697,000 in 2015. The country is separated into two regions - West Malaysia and East Malaysia - by the Natuna Islands, the territory of Indonesia in the South China Sea. Malaysia is bordered by Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, and Philippines. This country is located near the equator and has a tropical climate. The head of the state of Malaysia is a king or an Sultan who is chosen in rotation every 5 years, only countries (states) governed by the King / Sultan are allowed to send representatives to became the King of Malaysia. The Malaysian king usually wears the title of His Majesty the Lord of the Agong. and his government is headed by a Prime Minister. The Malaysian government model is similar to the Westminster parliamentary system.
Malaysia as a federal state did not exist until 1963. Previously, a group of colonies was established by the United Kingdom in the late 18th century, and the western part of modern Malaysia consisted of several separate kingdoms. The collection of colonies was known as British Malaya until its dissolution in 1946, when it was reorganized as the Union of Malaya. Due to increasingly widespread opposition, the group was again reorganized as the Federation of Malaya in 1948 and then gained independence on 31 August 1957.
On September 16, 1963 in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolution 1514 in the process of decolonialisation, Singapore, Sarawak, North Borneo, or what is now better known as Sabah, became a state of a new federation called Malaysia including the Malaya Federation. And on August 9, 1965 Singapore was then expelled from Malaysia and became an independent country called the Republic of Singapore. During the early years of the formation of a new federation there was also opposition from the Philippines and military conflict with Indonesia.